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Many of those who remained moved to Lima, Peru’s capital, where there is an established Jewish community.
Some descendants of the Jewish community remained in Iquitos, however.
The first Jew to arrive in this remote area was Alfredo Coblentz, who moved from Germany to the nearby town of Yurimaguas in 1880 to work in the Amazon’s booming rubber industry.
Five years later, three brothers – Moises, Abraham and Jaime Pinto – moved to Iquitos to work in the rubber field.
The historic Jewish cemetery in Iquitos, April 2013. The Jewish community established a formal board, the Sociedad Beneficiencia Israelita de Iquitos in 1909, and flourished.
Several Jews served as mayor of Iquitos, and Jewish families established businesses in town.
(Facebook) By the 1920s, cheaper rubber from the Far East had undercut Peru’s industry and Iquitos fell into depression.
After the State of Israel was established in 1948, the vast majority of Iquitos’ Jews emigrated to the Jewish state.
After Namibia became a German colony in 1884, a number of German Jews helped build up the country: Carl Fuerstenberg, a Jewish banker, helped finance railroads in his country’s newest colony; Emil Rathenau helped form the German South West African Mining Syndicate and funded irrigation projects.It is the largest city in the world inaccessible by road; people and supplies have to be flown in, or else chart the treacherous waters of the Amazon by boat.Iquitos is also distinct for being home to one of the world’s least-known Jewish communities.In 1917, about 20 Jewish families founded the Windhoek Hebrew Congregation in Windhoek, Namibia’s capital; eight years later, they built a synagogue.In 1927, a second synagogue was built in the town of Keetmanshoop. One Jewish grave in a remote part of the country bears vivid testimony to the difficulty of obtaining Jewish items.