Stratigraphy is a chronometric dating method

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, in which figures in solar years (often with some necessary margin of error) can be applied to a particular event.

Unless tied to historical records, dating by archaeological methods can only be relative -- such as stratigraphy, typology, , fluorine and nitrogen test, and radiometric assay.

A type of cross-dating has always been used in geology and stratigraphical sequences are often correlated by the assemblages of fossils they contain; this is known as biostratigraphy.

The archaeological versions of cross-dating may have been developed directly out of the geological method and may have been based on a false analogy between biological fossils and archaeological artifacts.

Relative chronology is also based on the application of the principles of stratigraphy and .

The discovery of inscribed monuments and calendars associated with dated astronomical observations contributed to the development of an Egyptian chronology and it has served as a framework -- through CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The use of various methods, often multiple methods, to demonstrate the equivalency of stratigraphic units.

A sequential ordering that places cultural entities in temporal, and often spatial, distribution.

It involves the collection of dates or successive datings establishing the position in time of a series of phenomena such as the phases of a civilization or the events of the history of a state.

He was largely responsible for demonstrating the existence of a pre-Mycenaean Aegean civilization, for naming it Minoan (after the legendary King Minos of Crete), and for revealing most of its characteristics.Items having an established date, such as dated coins or buildings, or ceramics of known manufacture are most often used.By itself, a cross-dated chronology does not give absolute dates, but it may be calibrated by reference to other dating methods.His first interest was in coins and hieroglyphic seals, and it was the latter which drew his attention to Crete.He began excavations at Knossos in 1899 at his own expense, and in the next 35 years laid bare not only this with Egypt allowed him to put dates to his sequence, making it a vitally important link in the dating of prehistoric Europe before the discovery of radiocarbon.

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