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Recent archeological finds indicate that by the 11th century, Copenhagen had already grown into a small town with a large estate, a church, a market, at least two wells and many smaller habitations spread over a fairly wide area.
Many historians believe that the town dates to the late Viking age, and was possibly founded by Sweyn I Forkbeard.
But from a Danish point of view the battle was a terror bombardment on their capital.
Particularly notable was the use of incendiary Congreve rockets (containing phosphorus, which cannot be extinguished with water) that randomly hit the city.
Few houses with straw roofs remained after the bombardment.
Its strategic location and excellent infrastructure, with the largest airport in Scandinavia, It is also considered one of the world's most environmentally friendly cities. Since the turn of the millennium, Copenhagen has seen a strong urban and cultural development.
From the middle of the 12th century it grew in importance, after coming into Absolon's possession, who fortified it in 1167, the year traditionally marking the foundation of Copenhagen.
The excellent harbour encouraged Copenhagen's growth until it became an important centre of commerce.
Copenhagen is situated on the islands of Zealand and Amager.
First documented in the 11th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the beginning of the 15th century.